Saturday, January 21, 2017

Now we will have father-government rather than mother-government


The mommy democrat/liberals who want to nurture everyone to death have been bested by daddy republican/populists who want people to nurture themselves. Both president Clinton and Obama were raised in mommy-led households without a father and they absorbed the psychology of nurturing at their mother's knee----and perhaps also a little bias against manly things in general.

We will see how many of the manly goals of president Trump can be attained. I wish President Trump could do something Big about curbing the power and influence of the Big Media, while still respecting freedom of the press. Propaganda-sickened Americans need a little protection from the man-hating she-tiger---mommy is not too happy about daddy taking back the TV remote.

But seriously, we don't want this battling of the sexes, we need mommy and daddy working together offering their distinctively different, biologically-based, ways to live in the world. 

Friday, January 20, 2017

What is the natural state of nature?


If there is "purity" or "order" in a pre-civilized state of nature it would probably contain an absence of any human attempt to go against the natural order with cultural or political schemes which only man seems capable of attempting.

There is not a lack of conflict or distress in the pre-civilized or civilized natural order, which has been suggested by people like Rousseau and Marx, but what there is is evolution taking place and a natural selection of living things in always changing environments and biology.

Schopenhauer and Nietzsche came closer to the natural order in imagining a world of will and power, but Darwin was even closer to defining the natural order in both the pre-civilized and civilized states. But Darwinism was not a religious philosophy even as it was evolutionary science at its best.

Life follows purpose first before cause and effect. "A force must know its destination before it begins its movement." (Ted Chaing) Science must define the biology and physics of this force.

I believe the natural order most essentially contains the evolution of material life toward supermaterial Godhood, with many starts and stops along the way. And once attained, Godhood continues evolving, with no ending and no beginning.

That is the natural state of nature which our civilizations and our cultures and political structures need to find closer harmony with, as seen in theological materialism.

Thursday, January 19, 2017

Turning around this big falling mess of an American empire


Americans have been "educated" by a Marxist department of education, and by the narcissistic, hedonistic, hook-up culture of the Big Media. Hollywood has found a way to make big money and trash traditionalism at the same time.

Students of the 1980's became the professors and leaders of America. But the "culture wars" of the 1980's were really genetic wars. A largely Northern European and WASP leadership, which was more or less conservative, was replaced by non-Northern European "progressives" who were really cultural Marxists.

Blacks were given billions of dollars of help to advance themselves and advance "equality" but instead they sought superiority, which is actually natural given that human nature remains very much group-centered and ethnocentric.

We cannot count on the Media or the academic world to turn around this big falling mess of an American Empire, and we can't count on much help from a brainwashed people, even though there is a populist core of good instincts. Nevertheless, conservative and not radical means to save the West is the preference.

This probably means another slow march through the institutions, along with a return to the constitutional separation of powers and states, eventually leading to the long-term solution of an ethnopluralism of ethnostates, in line with real human nature.

Wednesday, January 18, 2017

How theological materialism discontinues the traditional theological downgrading of life in general and women in particular


There is almost a hatred of women throughout traditional asceticism in seeking the inward God or Father Within by way of blocking material desires, especially the reproductive drives. Mother nature is lost touch with and materialism is attacked because sexuality needs to be controlled or blocked in order to have the upper peak experience of the God Within. Religious values grew primarily out of this ascetic valuation.

Theological materialism brings back respect for materialism, for women, and for reproduction, since we evolve to real Godhood by way of ongoing material reproduction. Modern genetic engineering needs to be considered part of this religious development of evolution. Materialism is something to affirm, upward evolution is considered a high virtue and a sacred value because it is the basic means of attaining real Godhood. The ascetic experience of the inward God can be retained but is seen as a symbolic experience of what Godhood may be like when we evolve to real Godhood in the material world.

The answer to the hatred of the material world is not to radically declare, as Nietzsche did, that God is dead. Materialism is apotheosized in theological materialism by the sacred evolution of life to supermaterial Godhood. Emotions return, life returns, and religious philosophy goes back to nature itself as it should do---and modern science can be included.

Tuesday, January 17, 2017

Can Trump transform from hyper-individualism to group-orientation?


The biggest psychological and philosophical change that Donald Trump has to personally make is from hyper-individualism to group-orientation. Sociobiology has been helping to reveal the biological origin of much of social behavior, and group-selection remains the main unit of successful survival and reproduction, as it has always been, and individualism, though creatively important, is successful only in the short term.

Trump's "group" is basically "America First" and "economic nationalism," and if Trump can actually transform his hyper-individualistic, free-enterprising, deal-making personality into being more group-orientated (not merely his nuclear family) then his constant self-centered Tweets which are getting him in so much trouble will recede. Can Trump make this change at his age? Perhaps the office itself will naturally help him.

Monday, January 16, 2017

The Middle East and the favorite daughter


Given that real human nature remains ethnocentric, with group-selection as the main unit of selection, the most natural and rational political configuration is an ethnopluralism of ethnostates. This means that the state of Israel has a right to exist for the Jewish people, but this also means the same for the Palestinian people. This also suggests that Israel has to stop its expansionism, even if it has a religious idea to do so. Islam also has a religious idea to expand.

People create ideas first, ideas don't create people, and the ethos of a person and their environmental circumstances relate to the ideas they propose. You have to admire the courage of Jared Kushner, Donald Trump's son in law, in taking on the Middle Eastern file for Trump where so many diplomats have fallen. Can we assume some sort of natural competition (even if underground) between Trump and Kushner for the admiration of Trump's daughter? Chutzpah has conquered prudence in the Middle East, will it conquer again, or is Kushner headed for a fall?

If Kushner succeeds, if the expansion of Israel continues, and if the entire world can't stop them, then it seems to me that the world will have to take another look at those conspiracy theorists.

Saturday, January 14, 2017

A Vital Idea: Purpose Before Cause and Effect


George McCartney writes about Pierre De Fermat (Chronicles, Jan 2017), a 17th century mathematician who speculated that life follows purpose first before cause and effect. This is a vital insight which is expanded in theological materialism.

The central purpose of life is to evolve toward the highest success in being represented in the world of survival and reproduction, which could be called eternal representation, or Godhood. Whether life attains Godhood or not, this is the central definition of the force of life itself.

This sacred purpose within life must work along with the exigencies and ups and downs of natural evolution. And there is no end or beginning to this purpose, as difficult as this is for us to accept.

Ted Chaing writes: " A force must know its destination before it begins its movement." Science must define the biology and physics of this force, which I have called the Will-Spirit or Spirit-Will-to-Godhood. Then science could actually join religion.

Friday, January 13, 2017

What is the next great sacred mythic theme for the next great civilization?


I believe the next great sacred mythic theme for the next great civilization is the evolution of material life to supermaterial Godhood which will require the cooperation of a long-term culture and civilization.

This is the material/supermaterial Godhood of material life and evolution, this is not the spiritual non-material idea or ascetic experience of God. That first gnostic/religious glimpse of God can be retained but transformed in theological materialism. A great art and great culture, a great total civilization can rise out of this religious/scientific, sacred, mythic worldview, worthy of man and future man.  The great Christian and scientific Western ethos can be synthesized with the sacred goal of life evolving in the material world on earth and out in to the cosmos toward supermaterial Godhood.

This sacred materialism is a world theme but it is also a deeply Western theme, and the defense of the West remains a principle concern. The East, led by Russia, has for the present, sunk back into the Traditionalist School which basically hates materialism, aggressively hates the West, hates science, but nevertheless seeks another form of orthodox imperialism. That is not a healthy theme for future man or future civilization, and it will not bring us to real Godhood.

Thursday, January 12, 2017

Transforming the negative/positive of traditional religion


"Emptiness" or sunyatu and Nirvana of Buddhism, and the Father Within and Heaven of Jesus are similar in being a negative/positive sort of hedonism. We can feel the bliss of emptiness leading to Nirvana and the Father Within by stopping or blocking the material drives which cause the pain (and pleasure) of life, as we were instructed to do by both Buddha and Jesus. The pleasure and even bliss that can come from this severe ascetic discipline is felt because the material drives are blocked or stopped from which pain can come from. This is not a non-material experience. It is not God we are feeling but a symbolic experience of Godhood.

The next stage in religious development is to take that bliss we can feel from the Inward Path of ascetic practice and apply it in the Outward Path of material evolution to supermaterial Godhood. That is the Twofold Path of theological materialism, where traditional religion is retained but transformed. We are in the world and of the world, and the sacred task is to find a way to evolve in the material world to real supermaterial Godhood. That is where life wants to go. That is the drive within life itself which works along with the ups and downs of natural evolution---and we can aid in that sacred biological and cultural goal.

Monday, January 09, 2017

We don't need Meryl Streep or Hollywood, they damage us


Meryl Streep is a good actress, although becoming a little mechanical (the eyes don't lie), but like most of her fellow actors she is a political idiot, as seen last night at the Golden Globe awards when the grande dame lectured against the evils of Donald Trump, football and the martial arts. We aren't quite a matriarchy yet, and we are not fully Marxist, so there may be a chance to take the power way from Hollywood by simply boycotting their films. Or maybe a few of Trump's conservative billionaire friends could open up a conservative film industry? We don't need Meryl Streep or Hollywood, they damage us.

Sunday, January 08, 2017

Will Trump and his advisers follow Trifkovic's realist entente embracing the whole of the Northern Hemisphere?


Srdja Trifkovic on "Dismantling the Empire," from "Chronicles," January 2017

..."In practice, the first task is to improve relations with Russia—which is essential—and to establish a workable modus vivendi with China, which is highly desirable.  Outreach to Russia is vital to the definitive settlement of the European civil war that erupted in 1914, continued in 1939, and resulted in the frozen conflict called the Cold War.  Now is the time to effect a pan-European entente that embraces the whole of the Northern Hemisphere, from the British Isles to Vladivostok to the Americas.  Trump has an historic opportunity to pave the way for a genuine Northern Alliance of Russia, Europe, and the United States, as all three are facing similar existential demographic and ideological (primarily jihadist) threats in the decades ahead.  In an uncertain and ever more brutal world, the Northerners must find a way of banding together, lest they be defeated separately...

...It is to be hoped that Trump will strike a bargain with Russia on Syria.  There must be no more support for radical Islamic terrorists, whatever their “moderate” disguise.  This will necessitate some frank discussions with our “allies” in Riyadh and Doha, in which they are told in no uncertain terms that we know their game, and that they must cut off support to jihadists.  America may not overtly cooperate with Damascus and Baghdad (and implicitly Tehran) to destroy IS/Daesh, Nusra, Ahrar al-Sham, and the rest of the jihadi monsters, but Trump’s national-security team should let the Arab boots on the ground complete the work that is currently under way in Aleppo.  In the months ahead the United States should play mainly a supportive role: no ground forces, limited air power, and “engagement” only with the prior agreement of Syria’s and Iraq’s sovereign, legitimate governments.

...As for NATO—strategically useless and tainted with criminality, as it has been ever since Bill Clinton’s aggression against Yugoslavia in 1999, for the benefit of the KLA—Trump should start with the demand to end the “free-loadism” of its European members.  He should disengage from the Baltic and Black seas, drop Russia sanctions, and deal on a neutral basis with Ukraine.  Further east, he should ride herd on the Iran nuke deal with Moscow and Beijing, but not reject it.  He should keep the Saudis at arm’s length, treating them as the leading state sponsor of terrorism that they are...

...Trump needs to avoid the GOP/neocon apparat like the plague and appoint realists to his administration to make America great again.  It is not too tall an order. "

My Comment:

This seems to be a most practical realist path to "Dismantling the Empire." But what if Trump supports Israel and Putin supports Iran? As mentioned here earlier, we could then end up with another bi-polar world, with the U.S., Israel, the Sunni states, and a few Europeans on the Western pole, and Russia, Iran, China and a few European states on the Eastern pole. Will Putin abandon Shi'ite Islam or Trump abandon Israel?

Saturday, January 07, 2017

"Nullification is the political movement of the 21st century"


In a very good essay in Chronicles (Jan 2017) Brion McClanahan says that "nullification is the political movement of the 21st century." We have to move back to the original federalism, localism, and decentralization of the Constitution. If 21 states can constitutional nullify national pot laws they can nullify other overly-centralized laws, and give real power back to the states.

My concern would be in staying strong enough as a large territorial nation to defend ourselves against other large nations or empires, but we can have federalism and a strong defense when needed. I would also eventually (and legally) want to take the federalism of states to its most natural conclusion, which is an ethnopluralism of ethnostates. Then real human nature, which remains ethnocentric and group-orientated, even more than individualistic, can truly "think locally and act locally," as Mclanahan puts it.

Friday, January 06, 2017

What can be done about the media, and what can be done about the fall of the West?


In an essay by Joseph Pearce on the great Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn (Chronicles Jan 2017), Solzhenitsyn is quoted as saying that the media is "the greatest power within the Western countries, exceeding that of the legislature, the executive, and the judiciary," and Solzhenitsyn asks, " according to what law has it been elected and to whom is it responsible?" That is not said by men in positions of power, and it needs to be a big center of attention.

What can be done about it? Freedom of the press need not be chained, but big media monopolies need to be broken up, even if it takes an amendment to the Constitution to clarify it. But even that is not enough.

Solzhenitsyn's call for a virtue culture which turns its back on materialism to save the West, alas, becomes another Utopianism. It has been the Utopian dreams of spiritualism which have limited the path of material evolution to real Godhood. Disillusionment with Utopian secularism does not justify another spiritual utopianism to take its place.

Like Solzhenitsyn before them, the Traditional School of Russia today (eg. Aleksandr Dugin) seek to go back to spiritual utopianism to save the world, and Western intellectuals in the New Right in Europe and in America have followed this course, making the Enlightenment, reason, and science the enemy of Godhood.

We do need a religious understanding of politics and economics as Solzhenitsyn suggests, but we need a virtue culture based in the evolution of material life to supermaterial Godhood. The Enlightenment and reason are not the enemy of Godhood even though they are the enemy of believing in a deeper goal beyond the human goals suggested by the Enlightenment and reason. Materialism is not the limitation of divine goals, it is the means by which we evolve to real Godhood...Theological materialism sets this course. 

Thursday, January 05, 2017

A real bridge to "universalism"


An ethnopluralism of ethnostates provides a real bridge across localities, states, regions, ethnic groups, races, and classes, without demanding that all people must be considered the same. This is a better way to think of "universalism" and more real than other social structures such as cultural Marxism and political correctness. Most importantly ethnopluralism is more in harmony with real human nature, which has been affirmed throughout human history as being kin-centered, gender defined, age-graded, heterosexual marriage-making, hierarchical, ethnocentric, even xenophobic, and religious-making, among other things, with group-selection as the primary unit of successful selection, followed by individual selection.

How to get from the present cultural Marxism and political correctness to an ethnopluralism of ethnostates is the challenge. I believe an ethnopluralism of states and regions could be established legally in the United States due to our constitutional separation of powers, states and regions. It may require a few constitutional amendments to legally give more power to the states, and would not be easy, but it is far preferable to the radically destructive civil disruptions, or even civil war, which naturally are now increasing due to natural competition between ethnic groups, races, and classes. Demanding that all people must be considered the same does not work. Demanding multiculturalism within the same living space also has not worked. An ethnopluralism of ethnostates provides a better way to establish a real bridge to "universalism."

Tuesday, January 03, 2017

We hope Trump's future improvisations will be on the theme of America First, but...


If "bullshit" means talking about what you don't know about (not really lying) when certain circumstances seem to call for it, as Chilton Williamson pointed out in a review on the subject of bullshit (Chronicles Jan. 2017), then Donald Trump's political style is not really bullshitting, he seems to be using a technique he uses in making business deals, it is more like jazz improvisations on a theme.

We hope Trump's future improvisations will be on the theme of America First, but as I mentioned here before, even though Trump seems to be making buddies with Putin, that may end up being bullshit on his (and his advisers) eventual theme of creating another bi-polar world, with the U.S., Israel, the Sunni states, and a few Europeans on the Western pole, and Russia, Iran, China and a few European states on the Eastern pole. I don't see Putin abandoning Shi'ite Islam and I don't see Trump abandoning Israel.

Monday, January 02, 2017

Contradictions and misunderstandings in Christianity can be resolved in theological materialism


Whether Christianity was influenced by Vedic monks by way of the Essenes who Jesus studied under with John the Baptist---which I think is possible---or whether Christianity was a similar but separate development, the asceticism of Jesus was much like Buddha's in rejecting material desires and rejecting the material world for the purpose of experiencing the God or Father Within. This was gradually contradicted and misunderstood in Christianity following the martyrdom of Jesus, often by brilliant philosophers who tried to support traditional material life in the face of their non-material founders.

Now if we jump forward to our time we have seen the abortion of 57 million babies since Roe vs Wade, which has put the birthrate below the replacement level. Contradictions and misunderstandings can be seen in the materialists taking the position of valuing only the evolution of material life yet supporting abortions, and non-material-spiritualists ascetically rejecting material life yet rejecting the abortion of life. When Jesus talked about giving Caesar his financial due it came from a position of defaming and not caring about material life and not from an affirmation of material life.

These root contradictions and misunderstandings which developed in Christianity can be resolved in theological materialism, where Godhood is understood as evolved to only in the material world. The old ascetic Inward Path to the God or Father Within can be retained but transformed in the Outward Path of material evolution to real supermaterial Godhood.

Sunday, January 01, 2017

The Utopian schemes of both the materialistic Left and the spiritualistic Right


The Paleoconservatives like to say that there are no political solutions to cultural problems, and Marxism says that there are political solutions to cultural problems. These differences relate to the grounding of the Right in a non-material spiritualism and the Left in a complete materialism, with different ultimate goals. But both the goals of the Left and the Right involve Utopian solutions to cultural problems: the Right seeks a non-material Utopian God and the Left seeks a classless Utopian world of complete equality. Both the Left and Right leave out the sacred and ultimate goal of the material evolution of life to supermaterial Godhood, which actually connects or synthesizes the two world views.

People create politics as much as they create culture, and both politics and culture depend on the natural traits, the genetic traits, of the different ethnic groups who create the politics and the culture. Often distinctly different ethnic groups do not assimilate well with one another due to their natural differences more that their politics, which is negatively reflected in the civil disruptions of modern societies. That is, societies have been trying to be multicultural with distinctively different people living in the same space and told to all get along according to the Utopian schemes of both the materialistic Left and the spiritualistic Right.

This all points toward the political/cultural solution of the ethnopluralism hypothesis, often written about here. It is a conservative transformation---not revolution---which will bring about an ethnopluralism of ethnostates, where different ethnic groups can politically and culturally conduct themselves the way they want to according to their own natural traits while living in ethnostates within our Democratic Republic, perhaps with only a few amendments to the already existing constitutional separation of powers and states. We need to retain federalism and balance because we need the geopolitical heft of a large nation to defend ourselves in the big world. This is a sociopolitical or political/cultural structure based in a real non-Utopian view of human nature and Godhood.

Friday, December 30, 2016

I see a better defense of the West in the deep-conservatism of theological materialism


As I speculated a few days ago, what seems to be coming now is Donald Trump and his advisers turning away from Russia toward what could become another bi-polar world, with the U.S., Israel, and the Sunni states in the West, and with Russia, Iran, and China in the East, with at least Russia supporting Shiah Islam. Europe might be up for grabs from either side.

In the West the "cultus" or religion was Christian but has turned toward a nonreligious materialism, and the cultus of the East had recently been Communist---and still is in China---while Russia under Putin has turned toward old Orthodox Christianity, and in the case of Putin's intellectual, Dugin, has turned toward the Traditionalist School of Guenon and Evola who religiously and philosophically hated the materialistic West. Conservatives in the West want to turn back to tradition, not unlike Russia, but the tradition in the West disparages materialism even as it pursues various versions of capitalism.

I see a better defense of the West in the deep-conservatism of theological materialism, where real Godhood is understood as evolved to in the material world, which the spiritualism of the East hates. Theological materialism is the deepest religious and philosophical defense of the West, with science and progress assuredly affirmed along with religion, whereas the turn back toward the Traditionalist School of the East is a dead end which hates the world and essentially hates science, and reaches only a secondary inward God. The old inward God experienced after strict asceticism can be conservatively retained but needs to be transformed in the Outward Path toward real Godhood reached by way of material/supermaterial evolution.

Thursday, December 29, 2016

When Religion, Philosophy and Psychology Meet in Reality


"My body and will are one." Schopenhauer

Schopenhauer tells us to renounce the will, not unlike traditional religion. Nietzsche tells us to celebrate the will but then goes on to say that the will has no goal other than an amoral power drive. Freud combined these views and changed the will to the sex drive, but found no real Godhood goal to the sex drive.

Freud was on the right track in attempting to figure out a way for humans to adjust to his sex drive (will), but he missed as did Schopenhauer and Nietzsche the deepest adjustment to the human life-drive, or the Spirit-Will or Will-Spirit, which is the adjustment to the ongoing future evolution of life toward Godhood, which is the ultimate religious, philosophical and psychological path seen in theological materialism.

As I wrote in this blog several years ago (Toward Evolutionary Therapy): "Take the temperament theorists or the personality psychology of Cattell and Eysenck, and combine them with sociobiology and evolutionary psychology, and you have a good theory of personality.  But then moving beyond that I hypothesize a new kind of religious evolutionary therapy in the following way:


"Alfred Adler (who positively acknowledged Nietzsche) postulated a single drive: “striving for perfection,” which is transposed in the theological materialism of the Evolutionary Church (EC) as the Spirit-Will, or the Spirit-Will-to-Godhood, the activating force within life, which is also shaped by outside evolution.

Rather than the “will to meaning” of Dr Viktor Frankl, or the “will to pleasure” (pleasure principle) of Freud, or the “will to power” of Nietzsche, or “striving for perfection” in Adlerian psychology, or the renunciation of Schopenhauer, theological materialism and EC psychology say that the primary motivational force in man is the material Spirit-Will-to-Godhood.

The interesting psychology comes in relating this primary drive socially as well as individually. All people, all groups have this drive to “perfection,” but how do we socially integrate them? Our answer, unlike Adler's socialism, is seen in the Ordered Evolution, Revitalized Conservatism, or ethnopluralism suggested in the theological materialism of the EC.

Toward Evolutionary Therapy

The leadership role in theological materialism and the Evolutionary Church would be to understand the intentionality of the Spirit-Will, which the person is often unable to clearly comprehend, whereas, say, in Jungian psychology, the therapist's role is to represent the intentions of the psyche and to help see or understand the “Self”. The philosopher or Priest needs to take the side of the Spirit-Will, whereas the psychoanalyst takes the side of the Unconscious.

In “Evolutionary Therapy,” the philosopher and Priest would need to mediate a deal or balance between the Spirit-Will and the Soul-mind-body which the person can live with. “Befriending” the Spirit-Will could be a task which might involve uncomfortable insights. Egotistical human life and modern values may seem limited in the face of the long evolution of the Spirit-Will-to-Godhood which activates life, beyond man, beyond superman, beyond angels all the way to Godhood.

When the Spirit-Will is blocked, It turns away from its central path. The leadership “art” in theological materialism and the EC is to help “release” the natural Spirit-Will into the energy of the person and society, making the energy of the Spirit-Will available for the individual and for society---we can learn to use or turn the powerful force of the material Spirit-Will away from profanely hurting ourselves into helping ourselves, and helping our societies evolve, not devolve toward the profane, but evolve toward the sacred.

Meanwhile the Soul, which is the Zenith of the Mind and the ego, having seen or experienced the symbolic Father Within in the Inward Path, must maintain its task to intelligently help guide or “ride the tiger” of the Spirit-Will toward evolving to real Godhood in the Outward Path, the God first seen in the Inward Path---the Soul of the Inward Path needs to stop blocking the Spirit-Will. This is the desired balance. 

We need to befriend, not only the unconscious, but the Spirit-Will which activates the unconscious, and we need to correctly define the Spirit-Will and its direction.  The Spirit-Will is like a "Super-Id," which is a good thing, not a primitive thing.

We are not merely looking for the opposite of the ego, the contrary elements of our psyche, because Jungian androgynous balance is not the goal. The great goal of the Spirit-Will, the Super-Id, is the goal that lies beyond us, beyond the human unconscious, at the Zenith of Evolution to Godhood. Whatever parts of our psyche that seem opposed to the direction of the Spirit-Will need to be understood and synthesized and balanced..."

Wednesday, December 28, 2016

Do Donald Trump and Guillaume Faye share a tragic kind of New Realism?


It appears that Trump and Faye will support the causes of Israel and globalism so that they may have Jewish support in promoting economic nationalism (Trump) and stopping the Islamic invasion of France (Faye). Pat Buchanan and others attempted to do both without Jewish support and were destroyed. Would the causes of Trump and Faye be sacrificed by not supporting the Israeli refusal to stop the settlements in Palestine, or by not supporting Jewish globalism, or is this a tragic kind of New Realism? In tragedies the hero and his cause are often sacrificed due to a tragic flaw.